Dodge DefinitionSource (google.com.pk)
Dodge was a major player in the muscle car wars against Chevrolet and Ford. Its powerful 440-cubic-inch and Hemi 426 V-8s that propelled a variety of models with sculpted body styles resulted in some of the best-looking performers in straight-line speed contests. Some Dodges, like the Challenger, started out as a pony car with a small-block 340, but also came equipped with big-block engines that essentially made them street legal racers.
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History of the Dodge Motor and NASCAR Phrases for Performance Reviews
Muscle Car Defined
The definition of a muscle car is up for interpretation. Some intermediate-size Dodges and their competitors with small-block V-8s engines fall in the pony car class, as defined in the late 1960s by the automotive press. These cars included the Chevrolet Camaro, Pontiac Firebird and Plymouth Barracuda. Their muscled brothers were the Chevelle Super Sport, Ford Torino GT and Plymouth Road Runner. Yet, over time, the definition broadened to include the Camaro, Firebird and others. In the Dodge camp, the Challenger, Charger, Coronet, and even the compact Dodge Dart with the right engine can be defined as muscle cars.
The Dodge Challenger arrived in late 1969 on a tight, 110-inch wheelbase. The 1970 Challenger was flashy, with dual exhausts, exaggerated bodylines, scoop on a wide, flat hood and a narrow grille. Dodge offered the R/T, or Road and Track, and T/A, or Trans Am, performance options. Although a performer, the Challenger also featured an SE luxury package. The smallest V-8 displaced 340 cubic inches and developed a healthy 275 horsepower. It entered muscle car territory with the R/T's 335 horsepower 383 V-8 or the choice of the 425-horsepower 426 Hemi or the 375-horsepower four-barrel carburetor 440 Magnum. Also available was the 440 Six Pack with triple two-barrel carbs to generate 390 horsepower. The Hemi-powered Challenger hit 0 to 60 mph in 5.4 seconds.